Pomeiooc Indian Village
“Othering” defines the historical treatment of Native Americans that began at Jamestown and has continued to this day. “Other” is a trope, in this case for a people who are perceived to be culturally deficient or deviant from the white Anglo-Saxon norm. First, European colonizers labeled them as savages, later Virginia’s native peoples were forced onto reservations in the seventeenth-century, assumed to be no longer extant in the eighteenth- and nineteenth centuries, defined as “coloreds” in the twentieth-century(Virginia’s 1924 Racial Exclusion Law), and excluded them from federal benefits in health care and education into the twenty-first century. Not until January 29, 2018, did the federal government recognize these original Virginia tribes (all Algonquian speaking except the Monacan, a Siouxan tribe): Pamukey, Chickahominy, Eastern Chickahominy, Upper Mattaponi, Rappahannock, Nansemond, and Monacan.
The central theme of this website is the Algonquian Exchange, a device for probing the cultural and other consequences of the interaction between the colonizers and the Algonquian Indians of Early Virginia.
- What is the Algonquian Exchange and why is it important
- Why did Wahunsenacah (Powhatan) allow the English colony to survive?
- Who are liminals and what roles did they play in Roanoke and Jamestown?
- Why is 1619 a pivotal year in the Virginia colony?
- How did John Rolfe and Matoaka (Pocahontas) facilitate the rise of a tobacco economy?
- What caused the “starving winter?”
- What led to the “Paspahagh Massacre“?
- Were the Algonquians naturally prone to violence?
- How do you think the absence of women, knowledge of the environment, and access to food resources affected conditions in early Jamestown?